Biochemistry (20 credits)
The aim of this module is to introduce the basic concepts and chemical foundations of biochemistry and cell biology to develop an understanding of structure and function at the molecular level. This module prepares students for further study in more advanced cell and molecular modules.
Genetics and Evolution (20 credits)
This level 4 module aims to give students the necessary background in genetics and evolutionary biology, providing broad knowledge of Mendelian genetics and the mechanisms of evolution which are essential for the study of biological and environmental sciences.
Human Anatomy and Introduction to Human Physiology (20 credits)
The Human Anatomy and Introduction to Physiology module aims to provide students with an understanding of how Homo sapiens have evolved into a complex overall form that is made up of several coordinated physiological systems. Both the macro- and micro-anatomy of the key physiological systems that govern all essential processes required to support normal, healthy human function will be covered. This module will highlight how each system is specially adapted for specific roles, forming a basis for further study in Advanced Human Physiology at level 5.
Introduction to Sport and Exercise Physiology (20 credits)
The aim of this module is to introduce students to the physiological basis of sport and exercise, through both theoretical and practical experience. The module provides a foundation in human physiology and metabolism with specific reference to the topic of energy and the body’s responses to sport and exercise.
Microbiology and Human Health (20 credits)
This module aims to develop an understanding of how microorganisms can influence both human health and disease. Students will acquire a knowledge of the classification of microorganisms as well as an overview of the general features of microbial anatomy and physiology. Students will additionally develop laboratory skills in aseptic technique
Science Skills and Introduction to Statistics (20 credits)
This module aims to develop the necessary background in science communication, skills and methods essential for the study of biological sciences. This module will also provide the background knowledge required for the Level 5 Data Handling module.
Advanced Human Physiology (20 credits)
The Advanced Human Physiology module aims to build upon the learning outcomes of the Human Anatomy and Introduction to Physiology module and the Introduction to Exercise Physiology modules covered at level 4. Students will develop a deeper understanding of how the key anatomical and physiological systems are combined and coordinated to ensure normal, healthy human function. Particular emphasis will be placed on how these systems act together in concert to sustain human life. This will form the basis for further study of how dysfunctional anatomical and physiological structures and processes lead to disease, which is covered in the Human Disease module in semester 2.
Data Handling (20 credits)
This module aims to develop the techniques necessary to handle quantitative biological data analysis and introduce the beginnings of bioinformatics. Central to the first aim will be introducing the powerful statistical programming language, R. This “programming” language is critical to current approaches to handling/analysing data, particularly “big data”. The module will also introduce critical biological sequence analysis techniques that form the foundation of the more complex bioinformatics techniques and knowledge (much of which will be introduced in the level 6 Bioinformatics 1 and Bioinformatics 2 modules). The module will also conclude with a brief session introducing R as a potential bioinformatics tool. This module will enable students to become comfortable with the console-based software and to use it for their statistical and data display needs.
Human Disease (20 credits)
This module aims to describe the aetiology and pathobiology of a number of disease processes specifically relevant to Human Biology and public health. Building on a foundation of knowledge achieved through the learning outcomes of Genetics and Evolution, Microbiology and Human Health, Human Anatomy and Introduction to Physiology, Advanced Physiology and Introduction to Exercise Physiology, the Human Disease module will provide a detailed understanding of the processes that underpin the occurrence of disease and how the process of ageing may be relevant. In turn, this will facilitate student understanding of the principles behind disease diagnosis and treatment procedures.
Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (20 credits)
This module will build upon the fundamental knowledge gained during the level 4 Genetics and Evolution and Biochemistry modules to provide an in depth perspective of the theory, practical and commercial applications of molecular biology. The practical emphasis of this module permits students to develop a range of fundamental molecular biology techniques which are not only essential for studying biomolecules within a laboratory research setting, but also highly desirable for future employability.
Nutrition for the Exercising Human (20 credits)
The aim of the module is to develop an understanding of nutritional factors which can influence health, fitness, and sport performance.
Current Science Issues in Human Biology (20 credits)
This module aims to develop a student’s wider understanding of how scientific research and developments impact and affect human health and society. Students develop their independent research and analysis skills as they critique important issues relating to Human Biology and public health.
Honours Project in Human Biology (20 credits)
This module allows students to undertake a piece of commercially/socially relevant research in the field of Human Biology. Students are required to identify an area of research directly relevant to their degree pathway and design and undertake appropriate experiments. BSc (Hons) Ecology students are required to undertake field based research evidencing a minimum of 10days field work. The module aims to give students experience of independent research, analysis and experience of presenting findings in two styles: a written scientific paper and a presented poster to a non-specialist audience.
Human Reproduction and Development (20 credits)
The aim of the Human Reproduction and Development module is to provide students with an in depth understanding of sexual reproduction, including the hormonal control of gametogenesis, ovulation and pregnancy. Students will learn the processes that occur during the formation of an infant from fertilisation, through gestation and up to delivery at full term.
Likely optional modules
Genetics of Animal Breeding (20 credits)
The aim of the module is to provide students with an understanding of strategies employed for the genetic improvement of both livestock species and other domesticated animals, taking into consideration the associated ethical implications. The module will help students to develop a further understanding of key genetic principles such as Mendelian inheritance, epistasis and codominance, building on previous knowledge acquired. There will be a particular emphasis on the various applications of modern genetic techniques such as genome wide association studies, cloning and transgenics.
Sport and Exercise Training (20 credits)
The aim of the module is to develop understanding of the physiological factors which influence sport and exercise performance, with specific focus on the methods and techniques used to enhance these factors.
Work Placement in Human Biology (20 credits)
This module aims to provide students with the opportunity to develop key employability skills while working in an academic/commercial research environment or a healthcare institution placement directly relevant to the field of Human Biology.
Bioinformatics 1 (20 credits)
The module aims to develop a systematic understanding of the role of computing in biological research, the fundamentals of molecular biology and to introduce the key concepts and techniques in Bioinformatics.
Immunology and Cancer Biology (20 credits)
This module aims to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the biology and genetics of cancer and of the role of the immune system in tumour development in humans and other animals. It will introduce a range of medical techniques used to diagnose cancer and students will study the latest cutting-edge treatments and the molecular mechanisms used by these treatments. Finally, students will participate in discussions on the impact cancer has on people’s lives and how patients are cared for including end of life care.
Nutritional Strategies for Sport and Exercise (20 credits)
The module will provide students with the opportunity to explore nutritional strategies associated with enhancing health, exercise and sports performance. The module will investigate established and contemporary strategies based around broad themes of body weight loss and weight gain, altering substrate use during sport and exercise and the nutritional challenges faced by specific clients. There will be focus on pre/during/post exercise nutritional strategies and the class will consider practices that are (and are not) supported by a volume of scientific literature Laboratory work will be undertaken to explore appropriate tools and methods of data collection in this field.
Physical Activity and Health (20 credits)
This module aims to: i) provide an in-depth understanding of the effects of physical activity upon health; ii) encourage a deeper understanding of the important ‘issues’ in the context of physical activity and health and their foundation in the health-related research literature; iii) allow appropriate physical activity to be prescribed to members of the general and clinical population. Successful completion of the module will equip students with both generic and specific employability skills, as well as providing a firm foundation for future professional development in the health and fitness industry.
Sporting Extremes (20 credits)
The aim of the module is to consider selected factors that influence an individual’s ability to perform strenuous physical activity. Successful completion of the module will equip students with both generic and specific employability skills, as well as providing a firm foundation for future professional development in careers related to sport, health, fitness and medicine.