Police, Policing and Security
The aim of the module is to illustrate the basic concepts and principles of police accountability, performance measurement and legitimacy. It will explore the challenges of policing transnational organised crime as well as those more locally associated with maintaining the careful balance between the need to keep order during public protest and retaining basic rights of freedom of speech and assembly. The module will examine the use of criminal intelligence methods and intelligence databases to support the prevention and detection of crime as well as considering management strategies, leadership and human resource management. The module will illustrate the disparaging effects of police corruption and the need for strategies to maintain the highest ethical standards in police work.
The aim of the module is to provide you with the opportunity to develop knowledge and understanding of the basic concepts and principles of existing scientific approaches and broader techniques in the prevention, investigation and detection of crime. The module will explore ways in which the nature of crime can be informed by science and police investigative approaches. It will investigate how science can support detection and contribute towards crime prevention and it will also consider how scientific methods are applied to crime reduction.
The Law and Politics of Policing
The aim of the module is to provide you with the opportunity to develop knowledge and understanding of the basic concepts and principles relating to the police role, within legal, political and social contexts. It also aims to present you with an understanding of the various organisational forms that policing takes within the extended police family, different functions and models of policing, and the legitimacy of police use of powers in different policing contexts.
The Criminal Justice System and How to Tell What Works
The aim of the module is to provide you with the opportunity to develop knowledge and understanding of the basic concepts and principles relative to policing and the criminal justice system in England and Wales. The module is designed to enable you to gain an understanding of the position and role of the police in the wider context of criminal investigation and offender management and to explore the organisations which form the criminal justice system in the United Kingdom.
Police Practice, Policy and Procedures 1
The aim of the module is to provide you with the opportunity to develop knowledge and understanding of basic police practices, policies and procedures in England and Wales. It is the first of three modules which embed within them components enabling the student to attain the Certificate in Knowledge of Policing (CKP). The module will focus on legislation and those aspects of the law that are more commonly used by the police, such as the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (PACE) and more generally explore legal procedures. The module will consider the classification of some offences within law and the defences attached to particular offences. Fundamental aspects of a police officer’s duty will be introduced, such as evidence gathering, search, arrest and detention.
In Year 1 you will have an option of studying a Language as part of your degree, or a module Crime and Disorder in Context, which examines the key principles and concepts underpinning crime and its causes., as well as the central theories and methodologies encountered within the social sciences, and criminology in particular.
International Policing – Structures and Dynamics
The aim of the module is to provide you with the opportunity to develop knowledge of the role and purpose of borders and the structures which facilitate and regulate international police cooperation across those borders, such as Interpol, Europol and the many informal police networks. You will study the police and criminal justice systems in another country of your choice and consider how any differences or similarities might impact upon the investigation of international crime. The module also aims to develop the student’s critical understanding of the dynamics which determine the forms and priorities of international policing.
Evidence-Based Community Policing
The overall aim of the module is to develop an understanding of neighbourhood and community policing. By examining the key features of each and considering arguments for and against the adoption of these models of policing. The module aims to develop your awareness of the qualities required of a professional neighbourhood police officer. The module also aims to develop your ability to identify professional and academic literature related to neighbourhood and community policing and to engage with issues related to this area of study in an independent and autonomous manner. This module embeds a volunteering element, allowing you to gain valuable experience of working within relevant criminal justice or third sector organisations.
The main aims of the module are to develop your knowledge and understanding of police investigations in the UK and the law underpinning these investigations. The module requires you to become acquainted with the history, structure and function of investigative work in the UK as well as concepts and procedures and current practices relating to police investigations of volume, series and major crimes. In addition, you will acquire a knowledge and understanding of the current law in relation to police investigative powers, safeguards for suspects, and selected criminal offences.
Likely optional modules
Police Practice, Policy and Procedures 2
The aim of the module is to provide you with the opportunity to develop knowledge and understanding of police practices, policies and procedures in England and Wales. It is the second of three modules, which embed within them components enabling you to attain the Certificate in Knowledge of Policing (CKP). This module will focus on legislation and relevant policing practices and policies relating to Volume Crime Investigation, providing an initial response to a policing incidents and Public Protection. The module will include an introduction to the principles of the College of Policing Professionalising Investigation Programme (PIP) further exploration of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (PACE) and Human Rights Legislation. The module will consider the classification of offences relating to Public protection, how a police response is delivered and how evidence is gathered in order to bring offenders to Justice. Fundamental aspects of a police officer’s duty will be explored such as evidence gathering, search, case building and Interviewing witnesses and suspects.
Fundamentals of Forensic Investigation
This module aims to provide you with the key concepts and theories underpinning forensic investigation in preparation for later modules. The module first critically examines Locard’s theory on transfer and Kirk’s assertions regarding uniqueness and, hence, individualisation. It then explores the principles associated with each stage of a forensic investigation, including crime scene investigation, forensic laboratory analysis and presentation of evidence and identifies the role of forensic professions in answering investigative questions. The theories are then applied to the main categories of forensic evidence and issues such as the nature of science, the analysis of arguments and inductive and deductive reasoning are addressed.
Decision Making Theory and Practice in Policing
The module aims to develop decision making and psychological theory understandings in policing by consideration of non-technical skills which are underpinned by empirical evidence and science. Theoretical principles to be addressed in the module are decision making models, situational awareness, personal and collective decision making, leadership and team functioning, environmental constraints and stressors. The module will consider the application of critical incident understanding in different contexts practically, e.g., murder investigation, road death, arson, safeguarding children, missing persons and fire-arms use. Learning in safe place, and in the absence of practical error, is the theme of the module.
The aim of the Individual Study module is to develop your ability to research and analyse crime science in some depth, and construct a well reasoned argument based on your findings. In so doing the course aims to provide you with a degree of autonomy in your learning by allowing an opportunity to pursue in some depth, a study of a topic aligned to crime science.
Transnational and Organised Crime
This course aims to provide you with the theoretical underpinning to understanding the global nature of organised crime and law enforcement responses to it. It is a key objective of this course that students will understand the complexity of cross border transnational crime and the characteristics that create problems for law enforcement agencies in the disruption and prosecution of criminality. Several OC groups will be studied such as the Italian Mafia in Sicily, New York and Chicago, the Japanese Yakuza and Chinese Triad gangs. The module explores the cultural, political, legal and practical influences which allowed such gangs to develop and the problems police agencies face in tackling them.
Beyond Policing: Issues in International Justice
The main aim of this module is to provide you with a critical understanding of the relevance of international responses and the risks to Human Rights of global issues where policing and criminal justice systems are unable to provide an adequate response. Such issues include the unprecedented Nazi and Japanese war criminal trials at Nuremberg and Tokyo, the prosecution of Slobodan Milosevic by the ICTY and the War on Terror and Guantanamo Bay. The module includes an overview of cases where suspects have been identified, but criminal justice systems are ineffective at bringing about prosecutions, such as the investigation into the bombing of Pan Am flight 103, and the cases of Alexander Litvinenko, the Skripals, Sally Jones and Mohamed Emwazi. The module includes an analysis of the role of intergovernmental agencies such as the Council of Europe, the International Criminal Court and particularly the United Nations Organisation.
For your final core module, you are asked to choose one of the below.
Police Reform and the Future of Policing
This module aims to provide the rationale behind police reform in the United Kingdom. It will critically examine the recent changes that have occurred in both Northern Ireland and Scotland. The module will review calls on the UK police service to respond to the dual challenge of increasing governmental/public demands for improvements in police efficiency and effectiveness in the context of decreasing real time increases in financial resources.
Police Practice, Policy and Procedures 3
The aim of the module is to provide you with the opportunity to develop knowledge and understanding of police practices, policies and procedures in England and Wales. It is the third of three modules, which embed within them components enabling the student to attain the Certificate in Knowledge of Policing (CKP). The CKP is a nationally recognised qualification located within the Qualifications Curriculum Framework (QCF) and accredits the underpinning learning which takes place in a preservice learning programme for the purposes of supporting flexible entry routes into the police service.
Likely optional modules
Crime Scene Analysis
A crime scene is any place, person or object that may be subject to a criminal investigation. Therefore, effective handling of crime scenes is essential in ensuring that the police are able to access evidence which may potentially prove or disprove the involvement of a suspect in a criminal offence and intelligence which might provide support for the investigation. This module chiefly aims to develop a clear understanding of the crime scene processing by providing theory on the role and processes of the crime scene and exploring the potential of the various types of evidence that may be encountered. The module also enables you to develop the practical skills required to function as a crime scene investigator, demonstrating the difference between the investigation of volume crime and serious crime scenes.
Psychology of Serious and Prolific Offending
The module aims to explore specialist areas of research and application within criminal and forensic psychology, particularly in relation to serious and prolific offending behaviours and ways to address them. The module will critically evaluate the strengths and limitations of the featured research and literature and in doing so facilitate your development of both subject specific and transferable skills appropriate to the level of study.
Policing Terrorism and Political Violence in the UK
This module aims to give you an understanding of the emerging arena of critical incident management in policing, with a focus in application to the policing of terrorism in the UK. Critical incident management has a broad definition and wide application in practice. The module will consider diverse case studies which examine in practice issues of decision making processes in controversial police decision making in policing, and capture the critical instance learning points from these instances. The module will consider policing terrorism in contemporary society, history, philosophy, morals and ethics, decision making and balancing priorities and audiences. The multi faceted dynamics surrounding, human rights, models of policing terrorism (intelligence, community etc.), CONTEST, radicalisation and the law will come together, offering a focused examination of theory and practice in policing the problem of terrorism and political violence in the UK.
Policing Cyberspace 2 – Challenges, Developments and Globalization
The aim of the module is to provide you with the opportunity to further develop their knowledge and understanding of the nature and scope of cybersecurity in the UK and the world and in particular to gain a comprehensive understanding of how the Police Service and investigators deal with the challenges they face. It is expected that you will have completed and passed the introductory module Frontiers of New Criminality: Cybersecurity in 21st Century. Computers have become an integral part of the daily lives of many people around the world. The module will explore the pluralised and privatised nature of policing the internet as well as the globalisation of cybercrime and cyber terrorism. The module will examine the challenges faced, the rapid global developments and the future of high technology crime.