The PgC Musculoskeletal Ultrasound course consists of three compulsory modules:
Principles of Science and Technology in Medical Ultrasound (taught)
The Principles of Science and Technology in Medical Ultrasound module will first explore the physics of ultrasound and the scientific principles underpinning ultrasound imaging. You will learn about the different types of ultrasound imaging technology that can and might be used, including the role of Doppler ultrasound, and how these affect the clinical applications of the equipment. You will also learn how an effective imaging strategy can maximize the quality of the images produced. This will encompass a theoretical exploration of the inter-relationships between image production, artefact recognition and reduction techniques, and the use of contrast agents. Finally, the module addresses the performance measurements needed to ensure technical quality assurance, along with issues relating to safety and working within the ultrasound environment.
Techniques in Musculoskeletal Ultrasound Imaging (taught)
The Techniques in Musculoskeletal Ultrasound Imaging will explore the appearance of pathology within different tissues when assessed using a range ultrasound imaging techniques, including aspects of perception, spatial awareness, orientation of images, B-mode imaging, Doppler imaging and movement during imaging. You will review the different imaging modalities available for the demonstration of different pathologies in relation to purpose, cost-effectiveness and impact on services and patients as individuals. In addition, you will learn the ethical and medico-legal implications of using ultrasound imaging for the assessment and diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders and injuries. Finally, you will explore the validity of musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging research for health and social care practice.
Clinical Applications & Management in Musculoskeletal Ultrasound (workbased)
The Clinical Applications & Management in Musculoskeletal Ultrasound module will first explore the underpinning anatomy, physiology and pathology of the musculoskeletal system, along with the principles of ultrasound science and technology in relation to these particular examinations. The range of imaging techniques available and the relationship of ultrasound to other diagnostic imaging modalities will also be explored. You will learn about quality assurance and image quality issues pertaining to musculoskeletal ultrasound, including artefact recognition and reduction techniques. In addition, you will learn the particular needs of patients and clients in relation to musculoskeletal ultrasound procedures, including the management of psychological issues and the demands of patients of all ages. Finally, the module addresses personal reflection and clinical audit in relation to your own performance in writing reports on examinations. This will include learning about theoretical models of audit and reflection and how they can be combined to create a more meaningful process, along with the ethical and legal constraints associated with the practice of sonography in this field of ultrasound imaging, the use of a reference standard and levels of concordance.