Citing references

The Library has produced quick guides for all the referencing styles used at the University.

Guide to referencing styles

These guides are designed to give you guidance on referencing the commonly used resources. For more detailed guidance you are advised to use the websites below. Please check with your tutor to ensure you are using the correct referencing style.

Sometimes you may need to use a particular style not shown here, perhaps as you submit a paper for publication. Contact if you would like advice on this.


American Psychological Association (APA) - 7th edition

APA - Library Quick Guide (We will be updating our guide to the 7th edition soon)

APA - website

APA Quick Reference Guide

Chicago - 17th edition

Chicago - Library Quick Guide 

The Chicago Manual of Style Online (the print copy is available in Augustine House - 808.0270973 CHI

Harvard - 11th edition

Harvard - Library Quick Guide

See Pears, R. and Shields, G. (2019) Cite them right: the essential referencing guide. 11th edn. London: Palgrave. - available in all campus Libraries. An online version is also available via Blackboard and LibrarySearch.

Modern Humanities Research Association (MHRA) - 3rd edition
Modern Humanities Research Association (MHRA) -  3rd edition


MHRA – website

Modern Language Association (MLA) - 8th edition

MLA - Library Quick Guide

MLA - website

Oxford standard for Citation of Legal Authorities (OSCOLA) - 4th edition

OSCOLA - Library Quick Guide

OSCOLA - website


Vancouver - Library Quick Guide

United States National Library of Medicine - website


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Last edited: 24/02/2020 16:16:00