Professor Jackie Eales

Professor of Early Modern History

Research profile

As a postgraduate at London University, with Conrad Russell as her supervisor, Jackie wrote a PhD thesis on the puritan Harleys of Herefordshire and their godly networks both locally and nationally during the civil wars. This research was published in 1991 by Cambridge University Press as Puritans and Roundheads: The Harleys of Brampton Bryan and the Outbreak of the English Civil War and was runner up in the 1991 Royal Historical Society Whitfield Prize Competition. The book challenged the traditional interpretation of county history during the civil wars as gentry dominated and locally-minded by arguing that religious networks provided an alternative and national set of allegiances during the civil wars.  Jackie's subsequent research has been shaped by these initial interests and has focussed on Puritanism and the Parliamentarian party. She has also published widely on the history of Kent during the civil wars and has written a series of articles revising Alan Everitt's interpretation of Kent as a moderate county during the period.  One of her more recent works, 'So many sects and schisms': religious diversity in revolutionary Kent, 1640-1660' in C. Durston and J. Maltby eds, Religion in Revolutionary England (Manchester: MUP, 2006), argues that religious divisions provided a fertile arena for the circulation of radical religious and political civil war ideologies amongst non-elite groups.

Jackie has also published widely on women's history in the early modern period, including Women in Tudor and Stuart England (Routledge, 1998), and a monograph on the feisty civil war puritan heroine, Brilliana Harley (Hardinge Simpole Publishing, 2002).  In addition, she has acted as an advisory editor to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography in order to include more women in the DNB.

More recently Jackie has set up the John Hayes Canterbury 1641 Project, which is supported by the John Hayes Trust|, the William Urry Fund and Canterbury Archaeological Society. The Project is based on the 1641 poll tax return for Canterbury, which lists all heads of households and their adult dependents living inside the city walls in 1641. The Project aims to trace the allegiance and experiences of the inhabitants of the city during the civil wars using petitions, wills and related material in order to demonstrate the involvement of groups other than the gentry in civil war politics.

Publications

Books

  • Puritans and Roundheads: The Harleys of Brampton Bryan and the Outbreak of the English Civil War (Cambridge University Press, 1990), which was runner-up in the 1991 Royal Historical Society Whitfield Prize Competition, and was published in paperback in 2002 by Hardinge Simpole Books
  • Women in Early Modern England, 1500-1700 (UCL Press, 1998)
  • Community and Disunity: Kent and the English Civil Wars, 1640-1649, Four Local History Lectures (Keith Dickson Books, 2001)

Edited Books

  • With C. Durston (eds), The Culture of English Puritanism, 1560-1700, Macmillan Themes in Focus (London: Macmillan, 1996)

Chapters in Jointly Authored Books:

  • 'The Mendham Collection: The Contents and Their Historical Context', in S. Hingley and D. Shaw (eds), Catalogue of the Law Society's Mendham Collection (Law Society, 1994)
  • With C. Durston, 'The Puritan Ethos' in C. Durston and Jacqueline Eales (eds), The Culture of English Puritanism, 1560-1700, Macmillan Themes in Focus (Macmillan, 1996)
  • 'A Road to Revolution: The Continuity of Puritanism, 1559-1642' in C. Durston and Jacqueline Eales (eds), The Culture of English Puritanism, 1560-1700, Macmillan Themes in Focus (Macmillan, 1996)
  • 'Politics and Ideology in Kent, 1558-1640' in M. Zell (ed), Early Modern Kent, 1540-1640 Kent History Project Vol 5 (Boydell and Brewer, 2000).
  • 'Kent and The English Civil Wars, 1640-1660' in F. Lansberry (ed), Politics and Government in Kent, 1640-1914, Vol 5, Kent History Project Vol 6 (Boydell and Brewer, 2001).
  • 'Patriarchy, Puritanism and Politics: The Letters of Lady Brilliana Harley (1598-1643)' in J. Daybell and C. Brown (eds), Women's Letters and Letter Writing in England, 1450-1700 (Palgrave, 2001)
  • 'Provincial Preaching and Allegiance in the First English Civil War, 1640-1646' in T. Cogswell, R. Cust and P. Lake eds., Politics, Religion and 'Popularity' In Early Modern England (Cambridge University Press, 2002)
  • 'So many sects and schisms': religious diversity in revolutionary Kent, 1640-1660' in C. Durston and J. Maltby eds. Religion in Revolutionary England (Manchester: MUP, 2006).

Articles

  • 'Women in Chess: mid-nineteenth to early twentieth century', British Chess Magazine 101, (1981)
  • 'Sir Robert Harley KB (1579-1656) and the "Character" of a Puritan', British Library Journal, 15 (1989)
  • 'Samuel Clarke and the "Lives" of Godly Women in Seventeenth Century England' in D. Wood and W. Sheils (eds), Women in the Church: Studies in Church History, 27 (Blackwell, 1990)
  • 'Iconoclasm, Iconography and the Altar in the English Civil War' in D. Wood and W. Sheils (eds), The Church and the Arts: Studies in Church History, 28 (Blackwell, 1992) 
  • 'The Family and Kinship', Early Modern History, 1, (April, 1992)
  • 'Thomas Pierson and the Transmission of the Moderate Puritan Tradition', Midland History, 20 (1995)
  • 'Gender Construction in Early Modern England and the Conduct Books of William Whately (1583-1639)' in R. Swanson (ed), Gender and Christian Religion: Studies in Church History, 34 (Boydell, 1998)
  • 'The Conduct Books of William Whately: A Seventeenth Century Banbury Vicar's Advice on Marriage' in Cake and Cockhorse, Banbury Historical Society, Vol. 14 No. 6 (Summer 1999)
  • 'Kent in the Civil wars and Commonwealth, 1642-1660' in T. Lawson and D. Killingray eds., An Historical Atlas of Kent (Phillimore, 2004)
  • 19 articles in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford Univesrity Press, 2004).
Editorships
  • In 2000 appointed to the editorial board of the ABC-Clio Encyclopaedia of Puritanism, a project of international importance being researched by British and American scholars. This major undertaking was published in 2006.
  • In 2004 appointed as an advisory editor to the online edition of the Oxford University Press New Dictionary of National Biography in order to advise on and edit new entries. In addition Jackie has made a substantial contribution to the New DNB published in 2004 in the form of 19 individual biographies.
  • In 2004 appointed as General Editor of the Grimsay Press series Classic County Histories of England and Wales.
  • In 2005 appointed as editor of the early modern strand of the annual bibliography published in Archaeologia Cantiana.

Major Book Reviews
  • 'Towns and Civil Conflict in Early Modern Europe' in Journal of Urban History, Vol. 26, (January 2000)
  • 'Early Modern Women' in Literature and History, vol. 12 (2003)

Selected Research Papers and Lectures
  • 'Women and Chess from N. P. Gerbanyevskaya to Judit Polgar', 1860-1990, at Women and the Brain, Conference at Royal Holloway London University (July 1999).
  • Keynote Speaker - 'Women, Patriarchy and Personal Piety in Early Modern England', Women's History Network Conference, 'Women and Religious Identities 1500-1800', University College, Chichester, (May 2000)
  • 'Preaching and the English Civil War', CCCU History Department Research Seminar (November 2000)
  • 'Wives and Daughters: Women in Early Modern English Clerical Families' Religion, Culture and Society conference at St Mary's College, Strawberry Hill (April 2001). Paper also given on the same subject at the Institute of Historical Research in January 2004.
  • 'The Herefordshire Clergy and the World Turned Upside Down, 1640-1660', Thomas Traherne Festival, Hereford, June 2002
  • 'Sevenoaks and the English Civil Wars in Kent, 1640-49', May 2003, Sevenoaks Historical Society.
  • '17th Century politics and Anti-Catholicism: the Construction of a Shibboleth' for Canterbury Cathedral Libraray – Lecture Series on Five Hundred Years of Religious Controversy (February, 2004)
  • 'William Somner "the Oracle of Kent"' - for Canterbury Cathedral Library as part of the Canterbury Festival (October, 2004)
  • 'Religion in Kent during the English Revolution, 1640-1660', Canterbury Historical Association (January 2005).
  • 'Parliament in Early Modern England,' Historical Association Schools Conference, Canterbury (March 2005).